EXPERIENCE OF RPS MECHANISM IN THE UNITED STATES

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Renewable portfolio standards (RPS)
:  also referred to as renewable electricity standards (RES), are policies designed to increase generation of electricity from renewable resources. These policies require or encourage electricity producers within a given jurisdiction to supply a certain minimum share of their electricity from designated renewable resources. Generally, these resources include wind, solar, geothermal, biomass, and some types of hydroelectricity, but may include other resources such as landfill gas, municipal solid waste, and tidal energy.

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RPS in the US:

EXPERIENCE OF RPS MECHANISM IN THE USA

 State RPS policies :

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STATE -WISE RPS TARGETS IN THE US:

 

STATE TARGET YEAR INCREMENTAL

TARGETS

AZ 15% 2025            –
CA 33% 2020 20% by end of 2013, 25% by end of 2016
CO 20% 2020 3% by 2007; 5% by 2008; 12% by 2011; 20% by 2015; 30% by 2020
10% 2020 1% by 2008; 3% by 2011; 6% by 2015; 10% by 2020
CT 27% 2020 Annual goals; 1/1/12 goal is 9% class I, 3% class I or II, 4% class III
DC 20% 2020 Annual goals; 2012 goal is 5% tier 1, 2.5% tier II, 0.50% solar
DE 20% 2019 Annual goals; 2012 goal is 8.5%, including .4% PV
HI 40% 2030 10% by 2011; 15% by 2015; 25% by 2020; 50% by 2030
IA 105 MW
2015 MW 2015 Voluntary goal
IL 25% 2025 Separate annual goals for IOUs and retail suppliers. IOU 2011: 5%; Retail suppliers 2011: 5%
KS 20% 2020 20% of peak demand capacity. 10% by 2011, 15% by 2016
MA 15%(class I) 2020 1% annual increase after 2020. Annual targets; 6% by 2012
7.1% (Class II) (3.6% renewables and 3.5% waste-to-energy) 2009 Based on kWh sales to end-use customers
5% (alternative energy) 2020 1% by 2009, rising 0.5% per year until 3.5% in 2014, rising 0.25% per year to 2020. 0.25% annual increase after 2020
MD 20% 2022 Annual goals; 6.4% tier 1 by 2012 and 2.5% tier 2 (hydro and waste to energy)
ME Class II: 40% total; Class I: 10% new resource 2017
MI 10% 2015 600 MW from Detroit Edison & 500 MW Consumers Energy. Annual goals; 20% of gap between baseline and 10% by 2012
MN 25% 2025 All providers except Xcel Energy; 12% by 2013, 17% by 2017, 20% by 2021
30% 2020 15% by 2011, 18% by 2013, 25% by 2017
MO 15% 2021 Previous RPS a legislatively established goal (SB 54, 2007). 2% by 2011; 5% by 2014; 10% by 2018
MT 15% 2015 5% by 2008; 10% by 2010
NC 12.5% 2021 3% by 2012; 6% by 2015; 10% by 2018
10% 2018
NH 23.8% 2025 10.65% by 2012, 13.8% by 2015
NJ 20.38% + 5316 GWh solar 2021, 2026 for solar Annual targets; 2012 target is 6.32% class I, 2.5% class II
NM 20% 2020 5% by 2006; 10% by 2011; 15% by 2015
10% 2020
NV 25% 2025 6% by 2005; increase of 3% every 2 years until 20% by 2015; 22% by 2020
NY 30% 2015 1% expected to be met from voluntary green market sales
OH 25% 2025 AEPS. Annual compliance targets: 2012 goal is 1.5%
OR 25% 2025 Large utilities (3% or more of state load). 5% by 2011, 15% by 2015, 20% by 2020
10% 2025 Small utilities (between 1.5% and 3% of state load)
5% 2025 Smallest utilities (less than 1.5% of state load)
PA 18% 2020 Annual targets; 2012 target is 3.5% Tier I, 6.2% Tier II
RI 16% 2019 Annual targets; 2012 target is 6.5%
TX 5880 MW by 2015; Target of 10,000 by 2025 2015  –
VT Various criteria. Goal is 20% by 2020 2012 One of two criteria must be met: any increase between 2005-2012 that is also at least 5% of 2005 sales be met by renewables, OR 10% of sales in 2005. RPS becomes mandatory if goal not met
WA 15% 2020 And all cost-effective conservation. 3% by 2012; 9% by 2016
WI 10% 2015 Legislation calls for credit for electricity displacing technologies. Annual targets based on 2001-2003 utility baselines.
WV 25% 2025 Credits may be awarded for energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emission reduction projects. 10% by 2015, 15% by 2020
AK 15% per capita 2020 2010 baseline; no rules made to implement target
IN 10% 2025 Average 4% between 2013-2018; 7% between 2019-2024.
OK 15% of installed generation capacity 2015  –
ND 10% 2015  –
SD 10% 2015  –
UT 20% 2025 Of retail sales excluding nuclear and generation with CCS; target to be achieved to the extent that is cost-effective.
VA 15% 2025 Base year for all targets is 2007, excluding nuclear. 4% by 2010; 7% by 2016; 12% by 2022

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