Green Hydrogen demand in different sectors
Hydrogen has been used for industrial feedstock purposes for several years, but the emergence of green hydrogen has created a significant shift in the demand for hydrogen. Green hydrogen, produced from renewable energy sources like wind and solar, has the potential to drive significant growth in the hydrogen industry, with demand projected to grow more than threefold by 2050.
The use of hydrogen in different sectors is expected to drive this demand. Let’s take a look at the different sectors that will drive hydrogen demand:
- Power: Hydrogen can be used to store excess renewable energy produced by wind and solar farms. This energy can be used to produce electricity when demand is high.
- Heating in buildings: Hydrogen can be used to heat homes and buildings, replacing natural gas.
- Synfuel production: Hydrogen can be used to produce synthetic fuels like diesel and jet fuel.
- Transport: Hydrogen can be used as a fuel for fuel cell vehicles, producing only water as a byproduct.
- Ammonia production for shipping: Ammonia, which is used as a shipping fuel, can be produced using green hydrogen.
- Industry (including ammonia): Hydrogen is used as a feedstock in a variety of industries, including petrochemicals, steel, and food production.
- Refining: Hydrogen is used in the refining process to remove impurities from crude oil.
India is already a significant consumer of industrial hydrogen, with demand expected to continue to grow. The global demand for pure hydrogen is expected to increase significantly, driven by the growth in green hydrogen production.
The following table provides an overview of the projected demand for green hydrogen in different sectors:
|Sector||Green Hydrogen Demand (Million tonnes)|
|Heating in buildings||5|
|Industry (including ammonia)||15|
As the table shows, the demand for green hydrogen is expected to be highest in ammonia production, with a projected demand of 18 million tonnes. This is followed by the industry sector, including ammonia production, with a demand of 15 million tonnes. The power and heating sectors are also expected to have significant demand, with a combined demand of 11 million tonnes.
In conclusion, the demand for green hydrogen is expected to grow significantly in the coming decades, driven by its use in different sectors. With the increasing focus on decarbonization and the push towards renewable energy sources, the demand for green hydrogen is likely to continue to grow, leading to the development of new technologies and infrastructure to support its production and use.