India: Poised to Become a Green Hydrogen Transport Hub for Europe
India, known for its vast geographical landscape and diverse energy ecosystem, is positioned uniquely on the global map. Given the nation’s strategic location and infrastructural potential, it has the capacity to become a transport hub for the production and transport of green hydrogen fuel to European countries. Here’s how.
Identifying the PtX Production Site: The PtX Hub
The journey to becoming a transport hub begins with identifying the perfect location for Power-to-X (PtX) production. As per global standards, such locations are often determined based on the proximity to renewable energy sources. In India’s case, given its strong push towards renewable energy, multiple locations emerge as suitable candidates for PtX production.
Furthermore, a closer look at established practices reveals that PtX production is best positioned near export harbors. Why? Larger industrial spaces are typically situated close to ports. This ensures easy accessibility to basic infrastructure essential for PtX generation.
Moreover, considering the water requirements for hydrogen production, and to avoid stressing freshwater resources, seawater via desalination can be utilized, especially in coastal areas. With India’s vast coastline and established ports, the country can effectively address any groundwater conflicts that may arise, making the harbor-based approach more sustainable.
Mapping the Sea Transport Route
Upon determining the export harbor within India, the next step is to map out the sea transport route leading to the European destinations. Such calculations can be made using established maritime sea routes. For instance, while Brunsbüttel in Germany stands as a preferred import harbor in European scenarios, Indian harbors can establish direct or allied shipping routes to cater to this demand.
The use of algorithms like the Dijkstra algorithm can help in computing the shortest and most efficient sea routes. This ensures that the green hydrogen fuel reaches its European destinations in the most cost-effective and timely manner.
Pipeline Connectivity: A New Frontier
While sea routes are essential, the future also promises significant advancements in pipeline connectivity. Given the existing natural gas (NG) pipelines and proposed pipelines such as the ones discussed in the European Hydrogen Backbone Study, countries can potentially establish a connected infrastructure. Though the study specifically mentions locations like Spain, Ukraine, and Morocco, there’s no denying the potential that can be harnessed if India-Europe pipeline connections are explored. This would significantly reduce transport losses and offer a more consistent and reliable delivery mechanism.
India, with its strategic location and growing emphasis on sustainable energy, can undoubtedly emerge as a key player in the global green hydrogen supply chain. By optimizing its production sites and transport routes and by exploring innovative delivery mechanisms like pipelines, India can very well position itself as the central transport hub for green hydrogen to Europe. As the world moves towards a greener future, collaborations like these will be essential in bridging distances and ensuring a sustainable energy future for all.