LEED CERTIFICATION – EQ CREDIT: ENHANCED INDOOR AIR QUALITY STRATEGIES
A. Entryway Systems
Install permanent entryway systems at least 10 feet (3 meters) long in the primary direction of travel to capture dirt and particulates entering the building at regularly used exterior entrances.
Warehouses & Distribution Centers only
Entryway systems are not required at doors leading from the exterior to the loading dock or garage but must be installed between these spaces and adjacent office areas.
In addition to the entryway system, provide pressurized entryway vestibules at high-volume building entrances.
B. Interior Cross-Contamination Prevention
Sufficiently exhaust each space where hazardous gases or chemicals may be present or used .
Each ventilation system that supplies outdoor air to occupied spaces must have particle filters or air- cleaning devices that meet one of the following filtration media requirements:
- minimum efficiency reporting value (MERV) of 13 or higher, in accordance with ASHRAE Standard 52.2–2017; or
- Equivalent filtration media class of ePM1 50% or higher, as defined by ISO 16890-2016, Particulate Air Filters for General Ventilation, Determination of the Filtration Performance.
Data Centers only
The above filtration media requirements are required only for ventilation systems serving regularly occupied spaces.
D. Natural Ventilation Design Calculations
Demonstrate that the system design for occupied spaces employs the appropriate strategies in Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE) Applications Manual AM10, March 2005, Natural Ventilation in Non-Domestic Buildings, Section 2.4.
E. Mixed-Mode Design Calculations
Demonstrate that the system design for occupied spaces complies with CIBSE Applications Manual 13–2000, Mixed Mode Ventilation.
A. Exterior Contamination Prevention
Design the project to minimize and control the entry of pollutants into the building.
Ensure through the results of computational fluid dynamics modeling, Gaussian dispersion analyses, wind tunnel modeling, or tracer gas modeling that outdoor air contaminant concentrations at outdoor air intakes are below the thresholds listed in Table 1 (or local equivalent for projects outside the U.S., whichever is more stringent).
Table 1. Maximum concentrations of pollutants at outdoor air intakes
|Those regulated by National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)||Allowable annual average OR 8-hour or 24-hour average where an annual standard does not exist OR Rolling 3-month average||National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)|
B. Increased Ventilation
Increase breathing zone outdoor air ventilation rates to all occupied spaces by at least 30% above the minimum rates as determined in EQ Prerequisite Minimum Indoor Air Quality Performance.
C. Carbon Dioxide Monitoring
Monitor CO2 concentrations within all densely occupied spaces. CO2 monitors must be between 3 and 6 feet (900 and 1 800 millimeters) above the floor. CO2 monitors must have an audible or visual indicator or alert the building automation system if the sensed CO2 concentration exceeds the setpoint by more than 10%. Calculate appropriate CO2 setpoints using methods in ASHRAE 62.1– 2016, Appendix D.
D. Additional Source Control and Monitoring
For spaces where air contaminants are likely, evaluate potential sources of additional air contaminants besides CO2. Develop and implement a materials-handling plan to reduce the likelihood of contaminant release. Install monitoring systems with sensors designed to detect the specific contaminants. An alarm must indicate any unusual or unsafe conditions.
E. Natural Ventilation Room-by-Room Calculations
Follow CIBSE AM10, Section 4, Design Calculations, to predict that room-by-room airflows will provide effective natural ventilation.