LEED Certification- Requirements for Material & Resource Credit: Building Life-Cycle Impact Reduction
Our buildings imposes a considerable impact on environmental health in its whole life. Although all the materials and products have not same impacts on environment. In order to evaluate these impacts we need to calculate the LCA of all the materials. This facilitates us to reduce the carbon footprints and all other adverse impacts on environment and human health as well.
LEED in its certification system has put a special emphasis on impacts of buildings life cycle assessment which comes under Material & Resource credit.
The intent of this credit is to encourage adaptive reuse and optimize the environmental performance of products and materials.
Total weightage of this credit is from 2-6 points.
This credit applies to
New Construction (2–5 points), Core & Shell (2–6 points), Schools (2–5 points), Retail (2–5 points), Data Centers (2–5 points), Warehouses & Distribution Centers (2–5 points), Hospitality (2–5 points) & Healthcare (2–5 points)
NC, CS, SCHOOLS, RETAIL NC, DATA CENTERS, WAREHOUSES & DISTRIBUTION CENTERS, HOSPITALITY NC, HEALTHCARE
Demonstrate reduced environmental effects during initial project decision-making by reusing existing building resources or demonstrating a reduction in materials use through life-cycle assessment. Achieve one of the following options.
Option 1. Historic Building Reuse (5 points BD&C, 6 points Core and Shell)
Maintain the existing building structure, envelope, and interior nonstructural elements of a historic building or contributing building in a historic district. To qualify, the building or historic district must be listed or eligible for listing in the local, state, or national register of historic places. Do not demolish any part of a historic building or contributing building in a historic district unless it is deemed structurally unsound or hazardous. For buildings listed locally, approval of any demolition must be granted by the local historic preservation review board. For buildings listed in a state register or the
U.S. National Register of Historic Places (or local equivalent for projects outside the U.S.), approval must appear in a programmatic agreement with the state historic preservation office or National Park Service (or local equivalent for projects outside the U.S.).
Any alteration (preservation, restoration, or rehabilitation) of a historic building or a contributing building in a historic district on the project site must be done in accordance with local or national standards for rehabilitation, whichever are applicable. If building is not subject to historic review, include on the project team a preservation professional who meets U.S. federal qualifications for historic architects (or local equivalent for projects outside the U.S.); the preservation professional must confirm conformance to the Secretary of Interior’s Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties (or local equivalent for projects outside the U.S.).
Option 2. Renovation of Abandoned or Blighted Building (5 points BD&C, 6 points Core and Shell)
Maintain at least 50%, by surface area, of the
existing building structure, enclosure, and interior structural elements for
buildings that meet local criteria of abandoned or are considered blight. The
building must be renovated to a state of productive occupancy. Up to 25% of the building surface area may be excluded from credit calculation because of deterioration or damage.
Option 3. Building and Material Reuse (1–4 points BD&C, 2-5 points Core and Shell)
Materials contributing toward this credit may not contribute toward MR Credit Material Disclosure and Optimization – Sourcing of Raw Materials. Path 1 or Path 2 (a/b) may be attempted but combining Path 1 and Path 2 to achieve points is not allowed.
Path 1: Maintain A Combination of Structural and Non-Structural Elements (2-4 points)
Reuse or salvage building materials from off site or on site as a percentage of the surface area, as listed in Table 1. Include structural elements (e.g., floors, roof decking), enclosure materials (e.g., skin, framing), and permanently installed interior elements (e.g., walls, doors, floor coverings, ceiling systems). Exclude from the calculation window assemblies and any hazardous materials that are remediated as a part of the project.
Table 1. Points for reuse of building materials
|Percentage of completed project surface area reused||Points BD&C||Points BD&C (Core and Shell)|
Path 2a: Maintain Existing Walls, Floors and Roofs (1-3 points):
Maintain the existing building structure (including floor and roof decking) and envelope (the exterior skin and framing, excluding window assemblies and nonstructural roofing materials).
|Percent of existing walls, floors and roof reuse||Points|
Path 2b: Maintain Interior Nonstructural
Elements (1 point)
Use existing interior nonstructural elements (e.g. interior walls, doors, floor coverings and ceiling systems) in at least 33% (by area) of the completed building, including additions.
Option 4. Whole-Building Life-Cycle Assessment (1-4 points)
For new construction (buildings or portions of buildings), conduct a life-cycle assessment of the project’s structure and enclosure and select one or more of the following paths below to earn up to 4 points:
Path 1: Conduct a life cycle assessment of the project’s structure and enclosure (1 point).
Path 2: Conduct a life cycle assessment of the project’s structure and enclosure that demonstrates a minimum of 5% reduction, compared with a baseline building in at least three of the six impact categories listed below, one of which must be global warming potential (2 points).
Path 3: Conduct a life cycle assessment of the project’s structure and enclosure that demonstrates a minimum of 10% reduction, compared with a baseline building, in at least three of the six impact categories listed below, one of which must be global warming potential (3 points).
Path 4: Meet requirements of Path 3 and incorporate building reuse and/or salvage materials into the project’s structure and enclosure for the proposed design. Demonstrate reductions compared with a baseline building of at least 20% reduction for global warming potential and demonstrate at least 10% reduction in two additional impact categories listed below (4 points).
For Paths 2, 3 and 4 listed above, no impact category assessed as part of the life-cycle assessment may increase by more than 5% compared with the baseline building. Include a narrative of how the life cycle assessment was conducted and if applicable for paths 2, 3 and 4 what changes were made to proposed buildings in order to achieve the related impact reductions.
The baseline and proposed buildings must be of comparable size, function, orientation, and operating energy performance as defined in EA Prerequisite Minimum Energy Performance. The service life of the baseline and proposed buildings must be the same and at least 60 years to fully account for maintenance and replacement. Use the same life-cycle assessment software tools and data sets to evaluate both the baseline building and the proposed building, and report all listed impact categories. Data sets must be compliant with ISO 14044.
Select at least three of the following impact categories for reduction:
- global warming potential (greenhouse gases), in kg CO2e;
- depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer, in kg CFC-11e;
- acidification of land and water sources, in moles H+ or kg SO2e;
- eutrophication, in kg nitrogen eq or kg phosphate eq;
- formation of tropospheric ozone, in kg NOx, kg O3 eq, or kg ethene; and
- depletion of nonrenewable energy resources, in MJ using CML / depletion of fossil fuels in TRACI.
For all options in this credit, building materials demolished to create courtyards to increase daylighting may be counted as retained in calculations, provided the new courtyards meet the requirements of EQ Credits Daylight and Quality Views.
A sample of tabular form is shown below describing the six impact categories for both the baseline building and proposed building.